10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri


Fatehpur Sikri is an archaic fort city situated nearly 40 kms towards west Agra, Uttar Pradesh. This city was the proud capital of Mughal Emperor Akbar during 16th century for a very short period. This place was deserted by its residents as a result of Akbar’s death in the year 1605 and also due to scarcity of water.

Presently, this well preserved but abandoned fort town is an UNESCO World Heritage Site open for the tourists. Fatehpur Sikri attracts huge crowd all through the year from all parts of India and abroad.


10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri
Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri History

According to Fatehpur Sikri History, the Emperor Akbar during his visit to the Sikri Village met Salim Chisti, a famed Sufi Saint. Salim Chisti foretold him about his son Jahangir’s birth and the successor of the Mughal Kingdom. After the prophecy came true, Akbar constructed this capital in Sikri village to celebrate his victory (Fateh) on Gujarat and also to honor Saint Salim Chisti. In this way, Fatehpur Sikri got its name.

Fatehpur Sikri Fort– An Architectural Wonder


Fatehpur Sikri Fort is an architectural wonder in Indo-Islamic style unlike the other monuments erected by the Mughals in India. This fort was constructed on a 40 meters elevated cape having walls on the 3 sides and a pond on the 4th side. The layout was designed in a rhombus pattern and the fort was erected by red and beige sandstones in such a manner that you can see the utmost beauty of this fort at the time of sunrise and sunset, when sunlight falls on the red colored walls of the fort. The detailing and carvings on the walls of the fort shows the inclination of Akbar towards art.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri
Indo-Islamic Architecture

The fort comprises 3 majestic palaces, blossoming green gardens, marble grave of Saint Salim Chisti and a mosque which is still in function. According to legends, the 3 palaces were built for the 3 wives of Akbar of which one was Hindu, another one was Muslim and the 3rd one was a Christian, but the locals of Sikri Village do not agree with this theory.


Places to Visit in Fatehpur Sikri


There are a number of buildings which you should visit to explore the uniqueness of Fatehpur Sikri Agra in a better way. This fort is accessible via its 8 kms lengthy fort walls which pass through many gates like Delhi Gate, Agra Gate, Chandanpal Gate, Chor Gate, Birbal Gate, Lal Gate, Tehra Gate, Gwalior Gate and Ajmeri Gate. 

The open patios towards the fort, the view from the long fortification and the aura of this old city will make you feel wordless. Here is a list of must visit monuments inside Fatehpur Sikri:

1. Saint Salim Chisti’s Tomb

Salim Chisti was a famed Sufi Saint from Sikri Village who foretold Akbar about the birth of Jahangir, his Son. Salim Chisti’s Tomb is a gem of Mughal architecture which also includes some elements of Hindu and Jain styles.

This white marble tomb is positioned on the patio of Jama Masjid on the south of Fatehpur Sikri Fort complex. This single storey tomb was built on a podium and the detailing and carvings are inspired by the tomb architecture of Gujarat. Inside the tomb you will see the grave of the Saint in a wooden covering and decorated with pearls and other precious stones.

10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri fort
Salim Chisti's Tomb

2. Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid was constructed in 17th century and is believed to be the 1st building constructed in Fatehpur Sikri complex. This mosque is still functioning and is also called as ‘Friday Mosque’. It is among the biggest mosques in India and it holds great spiritual and historical importance.

Among the most visited tourist destinations in Agra, this mosque exhibits the magnificence of Mughal and Iranian architecture. The engraved craftsmanship on white marble and the design of Chatris on the top make this mosque unique among all the other mosques in India.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri
Jama Masjid

3. Buland Darwaja

Buland Darwaja is a 54 meters high and 34 meters wide majestic gateway constructed by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the year 1601 to celebrate his Gujarat victory. The front portico has 3 doorways out of which the center one is the biggest and is also recognized as Horseshoe Gate.

This partial octagonal gateway comprises many chatris and pillars with beautiful carvings on it. The entire Buland Darwaja structure is made up of red and beige sandstones with a blend of Persian and Hindu architectural styles. Positioned on the southern part of the Jama Masjid, the Buland Darwaja is the favourite spot of photography for the tourists.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri agra
Buland Darwaja

4. Birbal House

Birbal was among the Navratna’s of the court of Emperor Akbar. The wise and humorous Birbal was an important part of Akbar’s life and his court. The Birbal House in Fatehpur Sikri is the place where Birbal used to reside.

As Birbal was a Hindu, you will see the influence of Hindu architecture in his House. This two storied structure was constructed in the 16th century. Intricate carvings are really noticeable both inside and outside Birbal’s House.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri fort
Birbal's House

5. Jodha Bai Palace

Jodha Bai Palace is the biggest and the most imperative structure of the Regal Harem. Jodha Bai was Akbar’s 3rd wife from a Hindu Rajput Kingdom. Jodha Bai Palace was constructed with all the possible provisions, safeguards and facilities. A palatial gateway was constructed on the eastern side of the palace for privacy which has room for guards to protect the palace from outsiders.

As Jodha Bai was Hindu, you can see many Hindu images such as ghant mala, elephants, swans, lotus etc in the interiors of the palace. The decoration blends the Islamic and Hindu styles in a great way. The western part of the palace was used as temple by the Queen.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri
Jodha Bai Palace

6. Panch Mahal

As the name states, it is a 5 stories striking structure built in lessening size upside. Panch Mahal was constructed by Emperor Akbar, being inspired by a Buddhist Gompa. The ground floor comprises 83 pillars which supports the entire structure. It is believed that, earlier these pillars were covered with netted walls (Jaali) as purdah for the regal ladies as the ladies used to sit there to enjoy the view of Fatehpur Sikri and its scenery.

The Panch Mahal has a pond facing it which was used as a location for cultural performances. Intricate artwork can be seen in every part of this Mahal.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri agra
Panch Mahal

7. Khwabgah

Khwabgah or Dream Palace is a 2 stories glorious edifice which was the residence of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. The entire palace was built with red sandstone and considered as the most amazing structure in the Imperial complex of Fatehpur Sikri. This dream palace complex includes Royal office (Daftar Khana), Akbar’s private library, his bedroom and a bathroom. Emperor Akbar’s bedroom called ‘Khilwatkada-I-Khas’ is believed to be connected with the regal harem and Panch Mahal by a secret passage. 

According to the legends, Akbar’s private library called ‘Utub Khana’ had a compilation of nearly 25000 manuscripts and some official manuscript as well. The rooms of Khwabgah are designed with beautiful paintings which show the views of the Mughal court. Some Persian inscriptions are also written on the walls which praises the Emperor and the ‘Allah’.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri
Khwabgah

8. Hiran Minar

Hinar Minar also called Antelope Tower is a lofty 22 meters tower. You can reach the top of this tower by climbing 55 stairs and the view of the Imperial city of Fatehpur Sikri from the top will make you spell bound. One interesting fact about this tower is that up to an elevation of 4 meters this tower is octagonal and the rest part is made circular. The exterior of the tower is decorated with the tusks of Elephants as the elephant tusks are believed as sign of majesty by the Mughals.

Later on, when Jahangir became the Emperor, he converted the area surrounding the Hiran Minar into a deer sanctuary and after that this tower got its name Hiran Minar.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri
Hiran Minar

9. Diwan-I-Khas

Diwan-I-Khas is a majestic meeting room built for the private audience. This edifice includes chatris supported by a palatial central pillar which as detailed works engraved on it.

This is the place where Emperor Akbar used to have conversations with the people of different religions over devotion and belief. If you are interested in history, especially in the Mughal period than, you should visit this place once.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri
Diwan-I-Khas

10. Mariam-Uz-Zamani Palace

This palace is situated at the heart of the Fatehpur Sikri complex. This structure was made by Akbar in Mughal style architecture. Some historians believe that this was the resident of Akbar’s Rajput Wife, Jodha Bai.

Another thought about the Mariam-Uz-Zamani Palace is that it was the home of Turkish princess who was another wife of Akbar. This palace attracts tourists for its lavish exterior and interior decorations and lush green garden bordering the palace.
10 Places You Should Never Miss in Fatehpur Sikri, fatehpur sikri fort
Mariam-Uz-Zamani


Necessary Information About Fatehpur Sikri


Fatehpur Sikri remains open all the days of the week from 9:00 am to 6:30 pm.

The entry charge is 550 bucks for foreigners and 40 bucks for Indians.

The fort complex has 2 entry points namely Diwan-e-Aam and Jodha Bai where you can purchase the entry tickets.

You will get licensed guides near the ticket counters.

In the fort complex there is a museum with no entry charge.

The museum remains open all days expect Fridays from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm.

If you are coming via cab or private cars than, you have to park your vehicle in the parking area which will charge 60 bucks per vehicle.

You have to take off your shoes before entering the Buland Darwaja. You can carry your shoes with you.

Beware of beggars, pickpockets, touts and hawkers roaming inside and outside the fort complex.


How to reach Fatehpur Sikri


1. The closest airport to Fatehpur Sikri is the Kheria Airport in Agra which is well linked with the major cities worldwide. This airport is 39 kms away from Fatehpur Sikri and you will get rented taxis outside the airport for Fatehpur Sikri.

2. Though Fatehpur Sikri has a railway station yet it is not connected with many cities/towns. The closest railway station to Fatehpur Sikri is Agra Cantt. which is well linked with the major cities/towns of India. Agra Cantt. is 40 kms away from Fatehpur Sikri. Rented taxis and buses are available outside the Agra Railway Station.

3. Fatehpur Sikri is well linked with the cities and towns of the neighboring states of Uttar Pradesh by UPSRTC bus network. You can also opt for deluxe or Volvo buses for Fatehpur Sikri. You can take bus from the Central Bus Stand of Agra or choose private cabs also.

Accomodation


For accommodation, you will not get too many options in Fatehpur Sikri. So it is advisable that you stay in Agra which is only 39 kms away from Fatehpur Sikri. In Agra you will get all ranges of hotels from budget hotels to lavish resorts.

Best Time to Visit Fatehpur Sikri

1. The summer from April to June remains very hot and humid in Fatehpur Sikri. The temperature rises to 43 degrees.

2. The monsoons from July to September are pleasant with a chance of random rainfall which can ruin your mood of sightseeing.

3. The winter from October to March are the perfect time to explore Fatehpur Sikri as the temperature remains perfect for sightseeing and photography at that time.

Post a Comment

0 Comments