JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan

Jaipur mostly known as the ‘Pink City’ of India is the capital of the State of Rajasthan. One of the busiest cities and the business hub of Rajasthan, this city is famed for its palatial palaces and appealing folklores. This city got its name from its founder Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. We have covered the interesting and unacquainted facts about the city Jaipur in this article.

Why Called ‘PINK CITY’?

In the reign of Maharaja Ram Singh in 1876, Prince of Wales, Edward visited the Jaipur city. During that time out of Hospitality the entire city which includes palaces, shops, houses etc were painted in pink, as the colour pink is related to hospitality.

The 1ST Planned City

India has many planned cities like Bangalore, Chandigarh etc. But do you know which is the 1st planned city of India? Yes, it’s the city of palaces Jaipur. This city was very well designed and planned as per the Vaastu Shastra of India. This city was founded in 1726 and was planned by a Bengali architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya within a time period of 4 years.

Places to Visit in Jaipur

There are innumerable places to visit in the Jaipur city. Some handpicked ones are given below:

1. Hawa Mahal – The Castle of Breeze

MaharajaSawai Pratap Singh constructed the well ventilated Hawa Mahal during 1799. One of the prime attractions of Jaipur, this palace appears similar to the diadem of Lord Krishna as the Maharaja was a devotee of Lord Krishna. The palace was constructed as an extension of the City Palace.

This palace includes approximately 953 windows known as “Jharonkas” in the shape of honey comb. This palace was constructed for women of the Royals in such a way that they can go through the street affairs, but no one can see them from outside. This is a 5 storied palace where the top 3 stories are namely, Vichitra Mandir, Hawa Mandir and Prakash Mandir. Maharaja used to worship Lord Krishna at Vichitra Mandir while Prakash Mandir has open terrace on both sides. No stairs are available for upper stories; only a small passage is there for the Royal Ladies only.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, hawa mahal
Hawa Mahal

Things to Remember

Hawa Mahal is positioned in main road close to Badi Chaupar.

This palace is open all the days from 9:30 am to 5:30 pm.

The entry charge is 200 bucks for foreigners and 50 bucks for Indians.

The palace offers amazing views of the city so, keep your camera always ready.

Photography is allowed inside the palace.

If you are visiting this palace in autumn, you can check the autumn celebrations in Sharad Mandir located on 1st floor of Hawa Mahal.

Do visit the Ratan Mandir on 2nd floor to check the colorful glassworks done there.

It takes 1-2 hours to explore the entire Hawa Mahal.

2. Amber Fort

Amber Fort also called Amer Fort was constructed during 16th century in Amber which was a princely state of Jaipur at that time. This fort was constructed by MaanSingh, Akbar’s general. This fort is only 10 kms away from the main city of Jaipur and it comprises 4 patios, halls, palaces and gardens. Made up of marble and sandstone, this palace is an amazing fusion of Islamic and Rajputana style architecture.

This fort is extended in a vast area where you can explore the Diwan-e-aam, Diwan-e-khaas, Sukh Niwas, Kesar Kyari, Sheesh Mahal, Shila Devi temple, museums, Suraj Pol, Chand Pol and light shows. This fort is amongst the famed destinations to be visited in Jaipur.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, amber fort
Amber Fort

 Things to Remember

> Amber Fort is easily accessible by city bus and cabs.

This fort is open all days from 10:30 am to 5:30 pm.

It takes 2-3 hours to explore the Amber Fort.

The entry charge is 550 bucks for foreigners and 50 bucks for Indians.

For students the entry charge is 100 bucks (foreigner) and 10 bucks (Indian).

If you want to enjoy elephant ride there than, go there early as elephant ride closes by noon.

The charge for elephant ride is 1000 bucks per couple.

The entry charge for English Light Show is 200 bucks and Hindi Light Show is 100 bucks.

Photography is allowed inside the fort.

Wheel chair accessibility is there.

From the Char garden you will get a wonderful bird’s-eye view of the city and countryside.

You can also enjoy Puppet shows in the evening.

Food joints are available inside the fort premises where you can enjoy some delicious Rajasthani cuisines.

3. Jantar Mantar 

Jantar Mantar is one among the five astronomical observatories made in India. This observatory was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the year 1734 to measure the time and different positions of the celestial bodies. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II was scholar in astronomy and physics. Jantar Mantar is located in the middle of Jaipur city and very close to the City Palace as well. 

It comprises 19 big instruments each constructed for a specific purpose. Among them Vrihat Samrat Yantra is the biggest Sundial in India. Others are Laghu Samrat Yantra, Ram Yantra, Jaya Prakash Yantra, Chakra Yantra, Nadivalaya, Digamsa, Karnti Vritya etc. these are basically structures of stones which depict fascinating geometric shapes. Earlier these structures were made by wood and adjusted for perfection. After getting the perfect dimensions, these were constructed by stones. This UNESCO heritage site always attracts visitors all through the year.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan. jantar mantar
Jantar Mantar

 Things to Remember

This place is open all days from 9:00 am to 4:30 pm.

The entry charge is 50 bucks for Indian and 200 bucks for foreigners.

Students will get discount on entry charge after showing their ID proofs.

Photography is allowed inside.

A guide is a must to understand the astronomy of this 18th century observatory.

Audio guides are also available in both English and Hindi.

It takes 2-3 hours with audio guide to explore the Jantar Mantar and to recognize the astronomy of different planetary bodies.

The best time to get to Jantar Mantar is the noon. During this time the sun remains exactly at the top and this makes the process of knowing these instrument readings easy.

4. City Palace

City Palace is among the main attractions of the Jaipur city. This palace was constructed with precise intricacies by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in between 1729 AD to 1732 AD. This is the palace from where the Maharaja ruled the entire Jaipur. This palace is at a close proximity to Jantar Mantar.

The awe-inspiring architecture of this palace is an astounding blend of European, Indian and Mughal styles which you can witness everywhere inside the palace. This palace comprises a number of buildings, patios and gardens including the most famed Chandra Mahal and the Mubarak Mahal. This palace also has 3 gates from which Udai Pol and Virendra Pol are open for the tourists while Atish Pol remains closed always.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, city palace
City Palace

Things to Remember

This palace is open all days from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm.

The entry charge is 100 bucks for Indians and 500 bucks for foreigners.

A museum is there inside the palace which exhibits the history of Jaipur.

The entry charge for the museum is 130 bucks for Indians and 900 bucks for the foreigners.

Photography is not allowed inside City Palace.

5. Jal Mahal

Jal Mahal also called Water Mahal is an architectural glee that Jaipur proffer its tourists amid the chaos of the city. Positioned in the mid of Mansagar Lake, this magnificent palace was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1750 as his summer retreat and hunting chalet.

The craftsmanship of the Rajput and Mughal style made this palace a wonderful piece of art. The view of the Jal mahal along with the Mansagar Lake and the splendid Nahargarh hills bordering the lake will make you speechless.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, jal mahal
Jal Mahal

Things to Remember

This palace is located on the Jaipur-Amer road.

Entry is not allowed inside the Jal Mahal. You can only enjoy the view from the roadside.

You can also enjoy boating in Mansagar Lake and click some photos of the Jal Mahal from a distance.

6. Nahargarh Fort

NahargarhFort is one among the innumerable forts and palaces constructed by the Kings of Rajasthan. Sited on the hilltop of the hefty Aravallis, this fort offers a panoramic view of the Jaipur city. Nahargarh Fort was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in 1734 as his retreat fort.

According to legends, this fort was cursed by the spirit of a Rathore Prince named Nahar Singh Bhomia. Whatever the people tried to construct, was destroyed by the spirit. Maharaja then decided to name the fort after the spirit’s name and the spirit became happy and after that the fort was constructed and named Nahargarh Fort. This fort is a beautiful blend of European and Indian style design and was extended in the year 1868 by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh. Madhavendra Bhavan is the main attraction of this fort. There are 12 absolutely similar suites for the Royal Ladies. Maharaja’s all nine wives were given 2 storied villas located on the 3 sides of the fort. You can see the western toilets also in this fort.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, nahargarh fort
Nahargarh Fort

Things to Remember

This fort is open every day from 10:30 am to 5:30 pm.

The entry charge 50 bucks for Indians and 200 bucks for foreigners.

For students the entry charge is 5 bucks (Indians) and 25 bucks (foreigners).

For visiting Sheesh Mahal or Wax Museum the entry charge is 350 bucks each.

Photography is allowed inside the fort.

This fort is nearly 6.5 kms away from Jaipur city so; you can hire cabs or autos to reach this fort.

It takes 2-3 hours to visit the entire fort.

7. Jaigarh Fort

The hill on which this majestic fort is positioned is known as ‘Cheel ka Tilla’ (Mount of Eagles). Jaigarh Fort was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1726 for the protection of the Amber Fort.

This palatial fort is bordered by lush greenery and huge fortifications and has subterranean channels to get to the Amber Fort. This fort is also recognized as the ‘Victory Fort’ as it is believed to be the strongest among the other 3 forts built by Maharaja and also it was never conquered. This fort exhibits the world’s biggest cannon called ‘Jaivan’.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, jaigarh fort
Jaigarh Fort

Things to remember

This fort is open all days from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm.

The entry charge is 85 bucks for foreigners and 35 bucks for Indians.

Photography is allowed inside the fort.

This fort is about 6-7 kms away from the city so it is better to hire auto/cab to get there.

It takes 2-3 hours to explore this vast Jaigarh fort.

8. Albert Hall Museum 

Exhibiting the legacy of the Regal Rajasthan, Albert Hall Museum is believed to be the optimum museum in Jaipur. Albert hall Museum was constructed in the 19th century by Sir Swinton Jacob. This museum is a perfect illustration of the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture.

This museum comprises alluring arches, pillars and extended patios which exhibits a great compilation of art, sculptures, weapons, paintings, ornaments, musical instruments, textiles, clocks etc. If you are a history lover than, this is the place for you to know the Indian history and culture in a better way.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, albert hall museum
Albert Hall Museum

Things to Remember

This museum remains open all days except Tuesday from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm and 7:00 pm to 10:00 pm.

Entry charge is 20 bucks for Indians and 150 bucks for foreigners.

Local guides are available at a reasonable charge.

You can click some photos in the Ram Niwas garden.

Photography is allowed inside the museum.

Delicious Delicacies 

You can try a wide variety of mouthwatering delicacies in Jaipur. Either vegetarian or non vegetarian, each recipe of Jaipur will leave you speechless. So, trying these Kachoris, Ghewar and last but not the least Dal Baati Choorma will make your trip to Jaipur a memorable one.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, jaipur
Rajasthani Thali

Masterful Handicraft

Jaipur is well recognized for its handicrafts as well. Bandhni and Leheriya are the two most famed forms of handicraft in this city. Jaipur is a very colorful city and you will always see the locales here in colorful attires. So, if you are a shopaholic, than you must try the colorful tradition and contemporary attires of Bandhni and Leheriya of this city.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, jaipur
Rajasthani Handicraft

Alluring Festivals 

People of Jaipur celebrate the festivals at their best. A large number of festivals are celebrated here such as Kite Festival, Elephant Festival, Literature Festival, Teej Festival, Diwali etc. This palace city can’t be defined without its festivals. One of the peculiar festival celebrated by them is the Donkey Festival, which is a must see, if you visit Jaipur.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, jaipur
Rajasthani Festival

Ethnical Dancing and Soothing Music

There is no need to introduce the spell of Jaipuri music as well as dance. A perfect merge of ethnical music and the Sufi music is a treat to your ears and will connect you to the origin of Jaipur forthwith. The dancing forms such as dancing on the glass edge or on sword edge by the skillful performers will make you just speechless and this is the magic of Jaipur.

JAIPUR – The Pink City of Rajasthan, jaipur
Rajasthani Dance

How to Reach Jaipur

1. Jaipur is easily accessible to all the major cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore and abroad via airways. The Jaipur International Airport is only 13 kms away from the city. Cabs are available outside the airport to get to the city.

2. Jaipur railway station is well connected with almost all the cities and towns of India. From railway station you can hire any cab or auto to reach your destination.

3. Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan thus; it is well connected by the government/private bus network with all the cities and towns of Rajasthan. Buses from Jaipur are also available for cities/towns of other states also such as Gujarat, Maharashtra etc.

Best Time to Visit Jaipur

1. Summers from April to June are very dry and hot in Jaipur. The temperature rises to a maximum of 48 °C. Hot wind blows all through the day so it is not a suitable time to explore the city.

2. Monsoons from July to September are moderate in Jaipur. The temperature remains pleasant but Jaipur receives unpredictable rainfalls (low to heavy). So, sudden rainfall can ruin your sightseeing trip.

3. Winters from October to March are perfect to visit Jaipur. The days are normal but the nights become chilly. The temperature falls to a maximum of 4 °C. You can also witness the festivals of Rajasthan like Kite festival, Elephant festival etc. during this period.

After knowing all these facts about this Pink City, Don’t waste anymore time, just plan for a trip of this city and get a once in a lifetime experience.

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